Taekwondo Poomse (Forms) Stances


In the original teaching of Taekwondo, a combination of two styles known as Shotokan Karate (emphasis on hard striking with hands) & Taekyon (emphasis on striking with kicks, stepping, circular movements) formed the foundation of techniques that were rigid and lower to the ground. Forms became a way to practice hard striking movements without the aid of a sparring partner.

Stances in Taekwondo forms are an important part of Poomse to maintain balance and transfer of power into techniques. The most used stances are the Horse Riding Stance, Front Stance, Walking Stance and Back Stance. Each type of stance transfers of power from a pushing, striking or shifting motion into a technique. There are other stances that will be covered in this section as we go along.


"Basic Stance Overview"

Stance Overview Covers:

Attention Stance (Charyut)

Sho Stance (At ease, hands behind)

Joonbi Stance (Before Poomse Begins)

Horse Riding Stance

Front Stance

Walking Stance

Back Stance

"Horse Riding Stance (Ju-Choom Seogi)"

Stance Overview Covers:

The horse stance (sometimes called horse riding stance) is a common posture in Taekwondo and takes its name from the position assumed when riding a horse. This stance can not only be integrated into fighting but also during exercises and forms. It is most commonly used for practicing punches or to strengthen the legs and back

"Front Stance (Ap-Kubi)"

Stance Overview Covers:

Front stance (sometimes called long stance) Visually similar to a lunge, with the forward leg bent at the knee, and the rear leg straight, while the hips and shoulders remain squarely facing forward. The purpose of the stance is to teach muscular/skeletal alignment that adds as much mass of the earth to a strike as possible. The stance allows a great deal of power generation forward.

"Walking Stance (Ap-Seogi)"

Stance Overview Covers:

Walking Stance (sometimes called relaxed stance) is similar to the front stance in that it delivers power from forward motion, however the walking stance is less rigid providing more speed in in striking power generation.

"Back Stance (Dwit-Kubi)"

Stance Overview Covers:

Back Stance (sometimes called side stance) with the body facing sideways, the front faces forward and back foot makes an "L" shape advancing forward or retreating backward when delivering techniques with the upper body. 60% of your body weight should lean toward the back leg with 40% on the front leg. Strikes are executed in a smooth and sharp motion toward the end of each technique.



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